In Israel, the roads and public spaces are restricted to those of military personnel and their families.
But for those who use public transport, the country’s streets are no different.
And if you have to use them, the restrictions can be downright overwhelming.
We visited the Moshav Shalom bus station, which serves both Israeli and international passengers.
The bus, which connects Tel Aviv to the southern coastal city of Ashkelon, is a utilitarian sightseeing stop that is mostly empty, but also has one bus stop in the middle of the road.
Its driver, Moshe, said he had to get a ticket to enter the bus.
“I can’t enter it if I’m a soldier, but I can get on and off it if it’s not necessary,” he told Al Jazeera.
“This is the reason why I’m trying to get on, and not to have to stop and get a seat.”
Moshas bus stop is not only empty, Mosher said, it’s also hard to get through.
In fact, we were told that there are only two buses at the bus station.
The first one takes passengers from Ashkelons southern suburbs, and it has an attendant who is responsible for making sure all passengers arrive on time.
The second one takes visitors from the southern suburbs of Tel Aviv, the most populous of the countrys cities, to Ashkel.
“If you don’t have a ticket, you have no option but to wait,” Mosher explained.
“You don’t get to see the sun or hear the weather.
We have to wait for all these people to get in the bus.”
The restrictions make it difficult to get from Tel Aviv and Ashkel to Jerusalem, the city where Israel’s first Jewish state was founded.
This is where the restrictions apply to Israelis travelling in Israel.
The Israeli government does not have the power to block Palestinian citizens travelling to and from the West Bank or Gaza Strip, and only Israeli citizens travelling on Israeli military routes are allowed to cross into those territories.
Israel has made no public statements about the restrictions since the beginning of the Israeli offensive in Gaza in July 2014.
But since the start of the offensive, Israeli forces have imposed restrictions on all Palestinian citizens entering the occupied territories, in particular restricting the movement of Palestinian students and other civilians.
“We don’t see it as a Palestinian problem, but rather a military problem,” said Nidal Khaled, a spokesman for the Palestinian Legislative Council, the main Palestinian opposition group.
“The occupation is restricting the freedom of movement of all Palestinian people, and the restrictions are part of that,” he said.
“And these restrictions are applied against all Palestinian civilians, not just Palestinian citizens.”
Israeli soldiers patrol the roads outside the Mishav Shalon bus station in the southern Israeli city of Jerusalem on May 10, 2020.
Many Palestinian citizens have had to choose between taking the bus or using public transport.
The restrictions also prevent Palestinian citizens from visiting hospitals, schools, or universities.
“These restrictions are not a humanitarian issue, and we want to see a solution,” Khaled told Al-Jazeera.
“But at the same time, we are demanding that we are given the right to be here and we are free to live here.”
Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas has also warned Israel not to restrict the movements of Palestinians.
“It is not an emergency, it is an emergency,” Abbas said in a speech to the United Nations General Assembly in September.
“Israel is the aggressor and the aggressors are the Palestinians.
The Palestinian Authority is the victim and the victim is the occupier.”
However, Israel has been accused of restricting Palestinians’ movement in other ways.
According to the Palestinian Ministry of Information, the Israeli army has restricted the movement to certain locations in the occupied West Bank, which is considered part of the occupied territory.
The ministry said the restrictions include limiting the movement in areas where Palestinians are prohibited from entering, including the Old City, the Haram al-Sharif and the Temple Mount, the holy site where Islam’s two holiest sites are located.
Palestinians are not allowed to go to places where they are not permitted to enter, such as the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound, the Western Wall, or parts of Jerusalem.
But many Palestinians say they do not believe the restrictions will be lifted anytime soon.
“They’re not going to go anywhere, and I don’t know why they’re trying to do it,” Ahmad Al-Ahmad, an Israeli resident of Gaza, told AlJazeera in a phone interview.
“People are waiting for the war to end, and they’re waiting for peace to come to the region.”
The Israeli army denies any restrictions.
In a statement, the army said: “Israel has always taken precautions to keep the lives of its citizens safe, and in the past we’ve restricted the movements and movements of all Palestinians.
This includes the Haram Al-Sharifa and Temple Mount.”
Al Jazeera’s Zeina Khodr in Jerusalem contributed to this report.